Sulawesi is an island in Indonesia located on the east of Borneo, west of Maluku
and Philippines on the north. This strange-shaped island was first colonized by the Pertuguese and they called it, “Celebes” means “hard to reach”. Sulawesi is the 11th largest island in the world with the coastline length of 5.630 km and the area about 189.070 sq. km.
The wet season normally lasts from November to April, in the central and northern parts the rain is more evenly spread during th
e whole year with around three thousand mm rainfall per year of 163 days in average. The driest part are the southeast. The climate and temperature also varies a lot between lowland and highland.
Sulawesi is part of Wallacea, meaning that it has a mix of both Indomalayan and Australasian species that reached the island by crossing deep-water oceanic barriers. There are 79 known extant native mammalian species in Sulawesi. A large percentage, 62% (79 species) are endemic, meaning that they are found nowhere else in the world. The largest of these are the two species of anoa or dwarf buffalo. Macaque, Babirusa, Coucous, Tarsius, Hornbill are also endemic species in Sulawesi.
The Portuguese were the first to refer to Sulawesi island as ‘Celebes'. It means "hard to reach".
Covering an area of 174,600 km2 (67,413 sq mi), Sulawesi is the world's eleventh-largest island.
The highest elevation in Sulawesi is the Rantemario Peak at 3,478 m (11,411 ft). Rantemario peak is located in Enrekang Regency near the Tanah Toraja, South Sulawesi
There are six provinces in Sulawesi: South Sulawesi, South East Sulawesi, West Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, Gorontalo and North Sulawesi
There are 8 ethnic groups originated from the Sulawesi: Bajau, Mogondow, Makassar, Bugis, Mandar, Toraja, Gorontalo dan Minahasa
There are 8 National Parks in Sulawesi: Bantimurung-Bulusaraung, Bogani Nani Wartabone, Bunaken, Togean Islands, Lore Lindu, Rawa Aopa Watumohai, Taka BoneRate, and Wakatobi
Sulawesi is part of Wallacea, meaning that it has a mix of both Asian and Australasian species.
There are 79 endemic mammalian species in Sulawesi that are found nowhere else in the world e.g. Anoa (dwarf buffalo), BabiRusa (aberrant pigs), and Tarsiers (the smallest primate).